Agra

One of the Seven Wonders of the World in the old and the new list, Taj Mahal is known for its epic beauty that combines sublime human emotions with beauty of the precious stones. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan got this monument constructed in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, with whom he fell in love at the first sight.

Thousands of tourists from all across the world flock in Agra every year to have a feel of classic Indian architecture and arts. It’s not just the Taj Mahal, but the city has several other historical places, such as Red Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, among other architectural landmarks that would spellbind you. Built in the sixteenth century Red Fort of Agra is the splendid glorious example of marvel architecture. Fatehpur Sikri is an imperial capital built by Akbar in the hill of Sikri 39 km west of Agra, which is the abode place of saint Salim. The garden of Sikandra is built on the tomb of Akbar, which he himself designed before his death.

If we revert to the history of Agra, this city has seen the rise and fall of many Mughal emperors. The earliest reference for Agra comes from the epical age, when Mahabharata refers to Agra as Agravana. In the sources prior to this, Agra has been referred as Arya Griha or the abode of the Aryans. The first person who referred Agra by its modern name was Ptolemy. Though the heritage of Agra city is linked with the Mughal dynasty, numerous other rulers also contributed to the rich past of this city. Modern Agra was founded by Sikandar Lodhi (Lodhi dynasty; Delhi Sultanate) in the 16th century. Babar (founder of the Mughal Dynasty) also stayed for sometime in Agra and introduced the concept of square Persian-styled gardens here.