Formerly known as Bombay, is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. lies on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour.
The word Mumbai is derived from Mumbadevi, the patron goddess of the Koli fisherfolk, the oldest inhabitants of Mumbai. The name Mumbai, in its final form, dates back to the 18 th century. For Portuguese, the name Bombay is Good Bay (“Bom” “Bay” Good Bay). Mumbai is a cluster of seven islands. These islands of no great value were ceded to Portuguese in 1534 by the Sultan of Gujarat. The Portuguese in turn given these islands to Englands’s Chareless II as part of the wedding dowry of Catherine of Braganza when she married Englands’s Charles II in 1661. In 1668, the British government leased the islands to the East India Company for 10 pounds per annum in the form of gold and Mumbai grew gradually to become centre of trade.
City quite unlike any other in the whole of India, Mumbai is an island city, being located on Salsette Island, alongside the Arabian Sea. With an appealing coastline, many of Mumbai’s top resorts and tourist attractions lie around Gateway of India, its main beaches, which include both Juhu Beach and also Girgaum Chowpatty Beach, where evening funfairs provide plenty of atmospheres.
Mumbai is famous for many things, including its thriving Bollywood film industry, teeming bazaars, colonial-style buildings, Art Deco structures and a superb choice of restaurants, often being rated as the dining capital of India. The tourist district of Colaba is a great place to start exploring the city and multilingual guides can be arranged should you wish to find out more about Mumbai’s history.
In West India